Monday, January 6, 2020

Gender Inequality In Somalia Essay - 1391 Words

Introduction According to Maryan Qasim, an advisor in the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia and an expert in women s rights, the most dangerous thing women can do in Somalia is not go to war, but give birth (Qasim). Over the past decade the country has not only struggled with gender inequality, but with civil war (Somalia country profile). To this day, the country remains in conflict and anarchy. Without laws or a solid form of government, the Somali people suffer from drought, famine and destitution (Qasim). The Gender Inequality Index in Somalia is .776, placing Somalia at the fourth highest position globally (Gender in Somalia). This statistic includes many factors and results from not only the lack of†¦show more content†¦The most common causes of maternal death are hemorrhage, prolonged and obstructed labour, infections and eclampsia, toxemia that may occur in late pregnancy (ibid). Anemia and female genital mutilation have a direct impact on, and aggravate the se conditions. Women who undergo FGM often experience complications when giving birth, especially in Somalia where pharaonic circumcision, the most dangerous form, is practiced (ibid). In this form of FGM, the entire genital area is â€Å"cleaned up† by snipping away the clitoris, labia and all external genitalia, thus creating a large wound where the vaginal opening is sewn up with a wild thistle. The woman’s legs are then tied together so the wound can heal (Kristof). 95% of women in Somalia undergo FGM (Eradication of Female Genital Mutilation in Somalia). Along with the initial pain of the procedure, FGM can have severely adverse effects on the physiological, psychological, and sexual well-being of those who undergo the practice (ibid). The practice of FGM also increases the likelihood of a girl contracting HIV from unsterilized equipment. The total fertility rate in Somalia is also extremely high at 5.8 children per woman (The World Factbook: SOMALIA). This high r ate results in a low proportion of women breastfeeding after four months and a lack of child spacing, which has negative implications for both the health of the childShow MoreRelated Is There Political Will in Egypt to Promote Gender Equality?1481 Words   |  6 Pages Although gender inequality is experienced by women in many parts of the world, it is quite excessive in the Arab world. In this essay I will be using Egypt as a case study. Cultural and traditional norms play a huge role in the oppression of women when it comes to illeteracy, female circumsision, and domestic violence. Everyday less fortunate innocent girls are born into a society where the above is accepted by most of the society and is percieved as a norm. 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